IV Curve Tracing

The application is a semiconductor device test and the device is a transistor. The existing system is based upon a Keithley curve tracer; max voltage is 1000V and max current 50A. 20kV max.

The Vektrex current source that is most appropriate for curve tracing is the SpikeSafe SMU. This source includes four capabilities needed for curve tracing:
  1. Total output power; high current and/or high voltage
  2. Fast repeatable pulses to keep the device heating low (Vektrex min pulse width is 1us)
  3. Integrated low noise digitizer for crazy stable measurements
  4. Hardware integrated pulsed sweep for IV curve generation
 
SpikeSafe SMU Generated IV Curve

What about the DC Current Sources? No, these sources do not include pulse capability and advanced modes (sweeps etc.) required for Curve Tracing. The DC sources are optimized for reliability/burn-in and other high capacity applications.  

Vektrex SpikeSafe precision SMU specifications include models with currents to 60A.

When using a current source for curve tracing, current is forced and voltage is measured. Forcing current prevents device overstress since the current is always controlled. By using shorter pulse widths (20us pulse width used in this example), device heating can be avoided. Forcing current produces the same graphs as forcing voltage.      

Curve tracer data is used for datasheets. Datasheets are used by designers who design end user products. Control of device heating is important. Device heating distorts the data making the data unusable. Actually, the data is usable – the end user/designer will suffer though. R&D will be extended requiring more thermal analysis and testing. Worse yet, a product might be released using bad data resulting in very high support and maintenance costs. There are a lot of bad curves on datasheets.     

Contact us for more information.